Nexus of Climate

Nexus climate-security-environment in Central Africa: insights from Cameroon, CAR, and Chad

Period: 2024 – 2024


Partner /01

Center for Development Studies and the Prevention of Extremism, Chad (CEDPE)

Partner /02

Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF)

The project on the climate-security-environment nexus, commissioned by the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) and coordinated by the Center for Development Studies and the Prevention of Extremism (CEDPE), aims to provide an in-depth look at the security risks associated with climate change in the Central African sub-region, with case studies focusing on Cameroon, the Central African Republic and Chad.The French-speaking world is currently facing a series of diverse crises. In addition to political and security unrest, it faces the challenges posed by climate change and ecosystem degradation, which are exacerbating food insecurity, poverty and displacement, particularly in Africa. The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) has undertaken a number of initiatives to meet these challenges.As part of its fiftieth anniversary, the OIF organized a consultation in 2020, involving 10,000 young people from 83 countries. The results revealed a keen interest in environmental and climate issues among young people, 51% of whom were women. They also expressed a desire to be more involved in the development and implementation of sustainable development policies.For the purposes of this study, the CEDPE is coordinating a team of experts from the countries concerned, including those from Tropical Green Builder in Cameroon.For the fieldwork and survey phase, Tropical Green Builder has selected three localities where multifaceted conflicts linked to cohabitation and the struggle for access to natural resources are documented in Cameroon:· Monts Bana-Bangangté-BangouOver the past decade, Monts Bana-Bangangté-Bangou has been confronted with a series of socio-security and environmental crises, including the Anglophone armed conflict in the neighboring region and the growing scarcity of natural resources. As a result, the Monts Bana-Bangangté-Bangou have played host to traditionally disadvantaged groups, such as marginalized Mbororo herders and internally displaced people fleeing multiple forms of displacement. This situation has led to additional challenges/conflicts for the region's inhabitants.· Noun flood plainCohabitation between the various groups inhabiting the Noun plain has recently been marred by inter-ethnic clashes, highlighting underlying tensions. Because of its geographical proximity to regions affected by armed conflict, notably the Anglophone crisis, the Noun plain has become a host land for many internally displaced people. The expansion of agricultural land to meet the growing food needs of the population is leading to the rapid conversion of forested areas into arable land. This expansion has to be reconciled with the incessant need for grazing land for livestock, creating additional tensions.· Bokito district in Mbam-et-InoubouThis area, described as a transition zone, is characterized by a diversity of landscapes, including forest and savannah zones, farmland, rivers and hills. Relations between Mbororo herders and farmers in the area are described as increasingly conflictual. These herders, who come from Nigeria and northern Cameroon, have been occupying the land, and their presence over the past 10 years has been less and less accommodating to the farmers.

April 15, 2024:

Official launch of the project in N'Djamena (Chad)

May 13, 2024:

Start of data collection by administering a questionnaire in the Noun plain and in the Bangou-Bana-Bagangté mountains (Cameroon)

See documents

Our projects

Project /01

Raising awareness among villages in the Bangou sub-division (West Cameroon Region) about environmental protection, sacred forest conservation, and combating climate change

West Cameroon

Project /02

Nexus climate-security-environment in Central Africa: insights from Cameroon, CAR, and Chad

Cameroon, CAR, Chad